When she was born on April 21, 1926, The Queen was titled ‘Her Royal Highness Princess Elizabeth of York’. This is the same title that her granddaughters Beatrice and Eugenie hold as the daughters of the Duke of York. Her full name was Elizabeth Alexandra Mary of York. Her paternal grandmother was Queen Mary and her paternal great grandmother was Queen Alexandra, so Princess Elizabeth’s middle names were a tribute to them both.
Of course, Princess Elizabeth was not expected to become Queen. Her father was second in line to the throne after his brother Edward, The Prince of Wales. As is famously known, Edward abdicated the throne to marry Wallis Simpson, which meant that the Duke of York became King.
When Princess Elizabeth’s father became King George VI in 1936, her title changed to ‘Her Royal Highness The Princess Elizabeth’ which is the style and title of the daughter of the sovereign. Princess Elizabeth was now heir to the throne.
When she married Prince Philip of Greece, who was granted the title The Duke of Edinburg, she was then HRH The Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh.
When she ascended the throne at the age of 25, Her Majesty The Queen took on a number of titles. The Queen’s title varies depending on where she is. In the UK she is: ‘Her Majesty Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and of Her other Realms and Territories, Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith.’ what a mouth full!
Here are some of her other titles, depending on her location:
- The Isle of Man: Lord of Man (This isn’t a typo; the sovereign holds the title regardless of gender, thought Queen Victoria was the exception. She was titled Lady of Man).
- The Channel Islands: The Duke of Normandy (Not Duchess of Normandy; this title of Duke is conferred upon the sovereign regardless of gender).
- Duchy of Lancaster: Duke of Lancaster (same as above!)
- In Canada: Queen of Canada
- In Australia: Queen of Australia
According to Wikipedia the Queen’s titles are listed in the order in which the remaining original realms first became Dominions of the Crown: the United Kingdom (original dominion), Canada (1867), Australia (1901), and New Zealand (1907), followed by the rest in the order in which the former colony became an independent realm: Jamaica (1962), Barbados (1966), the Bahamas (1973), Grenada (1974), Papua New Guinea (1975), the Solomon Islands (1978), Tuvalu (1978), Saint Lucia (1979), Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (1979), Antigua and Barbuda (1981), Belize (1981), and Saint Kitts and Nevis (1983).
Here’s the Queen laughing it up at the Braemar Games last summer:
And here she is decked out in the same outfit and hat yesterday in London, kicking off the Jubliee celebrations.
They even had fireworks! Here’s to a great Jubliee year ahead.